Java 8 – How to parse date with "dd MMM" (02 Jan), without year?

This example shows you how to parse a date (02 Jan) without a year specified.

JavaDateExample.java

package com.mkyong.time;

import java.time.LocalDate;
import java.time.format.DateTimeFormatter;
import java.util.Locale;

public class JavaDateExample {

    public static void main(String[] args) {

        DateTimeFormatter formatter = DateTimeFormatter.ofPattern("dd MMM", Locale.US);

        String date = "02 Jan";

        LocalDate localDate = LocalDate.parse(date, formatter);

        System.out.println(localDate);

        System.out.println(formatter.format(localDate));

    }

}

Output


Exception in thread "main" java.time.format.DateTimeParseException: Text '02 Jan' could not be parsed: Unable to obtain LocalDate from TemporalAccessor: {DayOfMonth=2, MonthOfYear=1},ISO of type java.time.format.Parsed
	at java.base/java.time.format.DateTimeFormatter.createError(DateTimeFormatter.java:2017)
	at java.base/java.time.format.DateTimeFormatter.parse(DateTimeFormatter.java:1952)
	at java.base/java.time.LocalDate.parse(LocalDate.java:428)
	at com.mkyong.time.JavaDateExample.main(JavaDateExample.java:20)
Caused by: java.time.DateTimeException: Unable to obtain LocalDate from TemporalAccessor: {DayOfMonth=2, MonthOfYear=1},ISO of type java.time.format.Parsed
	at java.base/java.time.LocalDate.from(LocalDate.java:396)
	at java.base/java.time.format.Parsed.query(Parsed.java:235)
	at java.base/java.time.format.DateTimeFormatter.parse(DateTimeFormatter.java:1948)
	... 2 more

Solution

The pattern dd MMM is not enough; we need a DateTimeFormatterBuilder to provide a default year for the date parsing.

JavaDateExample.java

package com.mkyong.time;

import java.time.LocalDate;
import java.time.format.DateTimeFormatter;
import java.time.format.DateTimeFormatterBuilder;
import java.time.temporal.ChronoField;
import java.util.Locale;

public class JavaDateExample {

    public static void main(String[] args) {

        DateTimeFormatter formatter = new DateTimeFormatterBuilder()
                .appendPattern("dd MMM")
                .parseDefaulting(ChronoField.YEAR, 2020)
                .toFormatter(Locale.US);

        String date = "02 Jan";

        LocalDate localDate = LocalDate.parse(date, formatter);

        System.out.println(localDate);

        System.out.println(formatter.format(localDate));

    }

}

Output


2020-01-02
02 Jan

References

About the Author

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mkyong
Founder of Mkyong.com, love Java and open source stuff. Follow him on Twitter. If you like my tutorials, consider make a donation to these charities.

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Roland Kreuzer Recent comment authors
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Roland Kreuzer
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Roland Kreuzer

Alternatively, if you don’t wish to store a year, you might also parse into the MonthDay type which is also part of the Java 8 time API